Total Proteins Test
What is total proteins test?
As part of a general health check-up, to ascertain your nutritional status or to screen for and help find out certain liver and kidney disorders as well as other diseases.
Proteins are the building blocks of the body and most essential for healthy growth and development of the body. Any abnormality in total proteins could mean underlying conditions.
Why take Total Proteins Test?
Unexplained weight loss, excess fatigue, swelling, or oedema caused by extra fluid in tissues and any symptoms that indicate liver or kidney disorder indicates a protein disorder. Eating more protein or a protein rich diet will have no bearing on the total proteins in your blood. A healthy nutritious diet is important to maintain optimal protein levels. Certain medications like steroid may affect the total protein level and it will be important to stop medication before undertaking the test.
More about total proteins test
The important building blocks of all cells and tissues are proteins; they are important for body development and health. They make the structural part of most organs and form enzymes and hormones that regulate body functions. Albumin and Globulin are the two major proteins. Albumin makes up 60% of the total protein and is produced by the liver. They basically nourish tissues and transport hormones, vitamins and drugs all through the body. Globulin on the other hand helps fight infection. Some of the globulin is produced by the immune system. They include enzymes, hormones, carrier proteins, and numerous other types of proteins.
The normal range for total protein is between 6 and 8.3 grams per decilitre (g/dL).
Results of a total protein test are typically considered along with those from other tests of the CMP and will give the doctor information on a person's general health status with regard to nutrition and/or conditions involving major organs, such as the kidney and liver. However, if results are abnormal, further testing is usually required to help diagnose the disease affecting protein levels in the blood.
A low total protein level may suggest a liver disorder, a kidney disorder, or a disorder in which protein is not digested or absorbed correctly. Low levels can be seen in severe malnutrition and with conditions that cause malabsorption, such as celiac disease or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
A high total protein level can be seen with chronic inflammation or infections such as viral hepatitis or HIV. It also may be associated with bone marrow disorders such as multiple myeloma.
No Special Preparation Required.
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