Anti Mullerian Hormone Test
What is an anti mullerian hormone test?
An anti mullerian hormone (AMH) test is a blood test that measures the levels of AMH in a woman's body. AMH is a hormone that is produced by the small follicles in a woman's ovaries, and its levels can indicate how many eggs a woman has left in her ovaries.
The AMH test is often used as part of fertility testing, as it can provide information about a woman's ovarian reserve. A low AMH level may suggest that a woman has a reduced number of eggs and may have difficulty conceiving. In contrast, a high AMH level may indicate that a woman has a larger than average number of eggs and may be at risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome during fertility treatment.
The AMH test is a simple blood test that can be done at any time during a woman's menstrual cycle. The results are usually available within a few days, and they can be used to help guide fertility treatment decisions.
Overall, the AMH test is a useful tool for assessing a woman's ovarian reserve and her likelihood of conceiving. If you are considering fertility treatment or have concerns about your fertility, talk to your healthcare provider about whether an AMH test may be right for you.
How is an anti mullerian hormone test performed?
An anti mullerian hormone (AMH) test is a blood test that measures the level of AMH hormone in a woman's body. This hormone is produced by the small follicles in the ovaries and is an indicator of a woman's ovarian reserve.
The AMH test is typically performed on the third day of a woman's menstrual cycle, as this is when the hormone levels are at their most stable. The test is a simple blood draw, where a healthcare provider will insert a needle into a vein in the arm and collect a small sample of blood.
It is important to note that there are no special preparations required for the AMH test, and it can be performed at any time of the day. However, it is recommended to avoid strenuous exercise and fasting before the test to ensure accurate results.
After the blood sample is collected, it will be sent to a laboratory for analysis. The results of the AMH test are typically available within a few days.
What does a low anti mullerian hormone result mean?
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is a hormone produced by the developing ovarian follicles that indicates the number of eggs in a woman's ovaries. A low AMH result indicates a low number of eggs or poor ovarian reserve.
A woman's AMH levels generally peak during her 20s and gradually decline as she ages, reflecting the natural decrease in ovarian reserve. However, a low AMH level does not necessarily mean that a woman is infertile or cannot conceive, but it does suggest that she may have difficulty conceiving naturally.
There are several reasons why a woman may have a low AMH level, such as:
1. Age – As women age, their ovarian reserve naturally decreases, and their AMH levels decrease accordingly.
2. Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) – This is a condition where a woman's ovaries stop functioning before the age of 40, causing a premature decline in AMH levels.
3. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – Women with PCOS may have high levels of AMH due to the presence of multiple small follicles in their ovaries.
4. Endometriosis – Women with endometriosis may have lower AMH levels due to damage to their ovarian tissue.
If your AMH level is low, it is important to follow up with your doctor to discuss your options. Your doctor may recommend additional tests, such as a follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) test or an ultrasound, to further assess your ovarian reserve. Depending on your fertility goals, your doctor may suggest fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) or egg freezing. It is important to understand that a low AMH level does not necessarily mean that a woman cannot conceive, and there are still options available for achieving pregnancy.
In summary, a low AMH level can indicate a decreased ovarian reserve, but it is not a definitive measure of fertility. Women should consult with their healthcare provider to determine the best course of action if they receive a low AMH result. Being proactive and informed about your options can help you make the best decisions for your fertility journey.
What does a high anti mullerian hormone result indicate?
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is a hormone that is produced by the ovaries and is used as a marker of ovarian reserve, or the number of eggs remaining in a woman's ovaries. A high AMH level generally indicates that a woman has a good ovarian reserve and may respond well to fertility treatments.
In practical terms, a high AMH level means that a woman is more likely to have a successful outcome from certain fertility treatments, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). This is because a higher ovarian reserve means that there are more eggs available for retrieval and fertilization.
It is important to note, however, that a high AMH level does not guarantee pregnancy or a successful outcome from fertility treatments. Other factors, such as age, overall health, and underlying medical conditions, can also impact a woman's fertility.
If you are concerned about your fertility or have questions about your AMH level, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider. A blood test can be performed to measure your AMH level, and your provider can provide personalized recommendations based on your individual situation.
How much does an AMH test cost in Delhi?
AMH (Anti-Müllerian Hormone) test is a blood test that measures the level of AMH in a woman's body. This test is commonly used to assess the ovarian reserve and predict the chances of successful fertility treatments, such as IVF. The cost of this test may vary depending on various factors, such as the location of the clinic, the quality of the laboratory equipment used, and the qualifications of the healthcare professional conducting the test.
In Delhi, the cost of an AMH test may range from INR 1000 to INR 3000. However, it is essential to note that this is an approximate estimate and may vary from one clinic to another. Furthermore, it is crucial to choose a reliable and accredited laboratory to ensure accurate test results.
If you are planning to undergo an AMH test, it is advisable to consult with a qualified healthcare professional who can guide you through the entire process. They can recommend the best laboratory for the test and explain the results to you in detail. Additionally, they can also provide guidance on fertility treatments if required.
In conclusion, the cost of an AMH test in Delhi may vary depending on several factors. It is essential to choose a reliable laboratory and consult with a qualified healthcare professional to ensure accurate results and proper guidance on fertility treatments.
Are there any special preparations needed for an AMH test?
Yes, there are some special preparations required for an AMH (Anti-Mullerian Hormone) test.
Firstly, it is recommended to schedule the test on the 2nd or 3rd day of your menstrual cycle, as this is when your AMH levels are the most stable. If you are not sure when your menstrual cycle starts, consult with your doctor.
Secondly, it is important to fast for at least 12 hours before the test. This means you should not eat or drink anything except water during this time. This is to ensure that any food or drink you consume does not affect the accuracy of the results.
Lastly, it is advisable to inform your doctor of any medications or supplements you are currently taking, as they may impact the results of the test. It is also recommended to avoid taking hormonal medications or supplements in the two weeks leading up to the test.
By following these preparations, you can ensure that your AMH test results are accurate and reliable, which is crucial when it comes to making important decisions about your fertility and reproductive health.
Why take Anti Mullerian Hormone Test?
- An ovarian reserve marker: This test is an indicator of women’s fertility and is also used to measure the success of antifertility treatment
- AMH test is also used to predict the onset of Menopasuse. Once a woman reaches menopause there is no AMH in the blood and hence declining levels of AMH is used to predict when a woman is likely to hit menopause.
- AMH levels are elevated in PCOS and certain ovarian tumours
Is this test for you?
AMH is ideal for you if you display symptoms of PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome): Symptoms of PCOS includes hirsutism (excessive hair growth on body), cystic acne related to PCOS, balding i.e, loss of scalp hair, missed and irregular periods. AMH results are usually elevated in PCOS and your doctor will order this test for you if you have symptoms of PCOS.
More about Anti Mullerian Hormone Test
AMH is present in both males and females, and levels vary with age and gender. In females, the amount of AMH is proportional to follicular growth and plays an important role in women of child-bearing age. AMH, together with follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) or luteinizing hormone (LH) balance and regulate the monthly ovarian cycle-including maturation of egg or release, extremely critical if one is planning to conceive. AMH test is also more commonly called as the Ovarian Reserve Marker because it serves as an indicator of a woman’s fertility and the measure of success of antifertility treatment. The levels of AMH in the blood drop significantly at the onset of menospause and virtually absent after menopause. Hence the AMH test is also a predictor for onset of Menopause. AMH test carries high importance in the diagnosis of PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome); PCOS is marked by excess follicles which in turn produce abnormally high amounts of AMH. This is also observed in case of an ovarian tumor. An AMH test may be ordered when evaluating ovarian function, fertility issues, especially when considering assisted reproduction procedures such as IVF. AMH test is not just an ovarian reserve marker but a marker in Non IVF setting and a predictive marker in IVF setting, which can predict the success of IVF treatment.
Gender Stage Value ng/ml
Female Common Range for all age groups 0.9-9.5
Male Common Range for all age groups 2-16.5
Male Tanner I 6-148.9
Male Tanner II 2-70.1
Male Tanner III 2.-31.9
Male Tanner IV & V 2-13.5
Interpretation (women under age 35) AMH Blood Level
High (often PCOS) Over 4.0 ng/ml
Normal 1.5 - 4.0 ng/ml
Low Normal Range 1.0 - 1.5 ng/ml
Low 0.5 - 1.0 ng/ml
Very Low Less than 0.5 ng/ml
No Special Preparation Required.