What is Ovarian Cancer
Early-stage ovarian cancer, in which the disease is confined to the ovary, is more likely (about 90-95%) to be treated successfully. However, early ovarian cancer is not easy to detect.
Unfortunately, Ovarian cancer often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. At this late stage, ovarian cancer is more difficult to treat and is frequently fatal.
- Ovarian cancer is the fifth-leading cause of cancer death in women. Overall, it makes up about 3% of all cancers in women.
- Older women are at higher risk of developing ovarian cancer. More number of cases occur in women who are over 60 years of age.
Signs and symptoms of Ovarian cancer may include, If the below signs/ symptoms persist, one should consult a doctor.
Swollen abdomen or bloating (due to build-up of fluids produced bytumor)
Lower abdominal and leg pain
Discomfort in the pelvis area
Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
Quickly feeling full when eating
Sudden weight gain or loss
Unusual bleeding or discharge from the vagina
Certain factors were identified that are associated with an increased risk of Ovarian cancer:
Ovarian cancer can occur at any age butmore common in women above 60 years.
People with more affected close relatives have an increased risk.
Previous personal history of breast, uterine, or colorectal cancer.
Age of menstruation and menopause
Beginning menstruation at an early age or starting menopause at a later age, or both, may increase the risk of ovarian cancer
Examination of the body to check general signs of health.During a pelvic exam, doctor visually examines external genitalia, vagina and cervix and inserts gloved fingers into your vagina and simultaneously presses a hand on your abdomen in order to palpate pelvic organs.
Tests, such as ultrasound or CT scans of abdomen and pelvis, may help determine the size, shape and structure of the ovaries.
Stages of Ovarian cancer
0Cancer is confined to ovary or fallopian tube
1Growth of the cancer involves one or both the ovaries with pelvic extension.
2Cancer has spread beyond the pelvis
3Cancer is widely spread throughout the body